Rainmaking in Seereer religon

Amongst those who adhere to the tenets of Seereer religion, rainmakers are believed to be capable of bringing about or stopping rain through the manipulation of environmental forces. This is done by religious chanting, burning of sacred woods and attempting to influence movement of clouds through their powers. 


Heritage

The rainmakers usually come from the priestly class (the Saltigue). [1][2] The Saltigue  are members of the old families that formed the priestly class, many of whom trace descend to the Lamans (the old Seereer kings and landed owning class as well as guardians of Seereer religion through the pangool).[1][2] 

Role

The role of the Saltigue, which both men and women can join, was usually non-political but for the betterment of the land and her people.[2] These high priests and priestesses are not only responsible for predicting the future weather as in the Xoy ceremony,[3] but also to organize their thoughts into a single cohesive unit and summon the deities and the pangool to bring rain to the country.[4][5] This role was previously reserved for the ancient Lamans who were ritually killed if they could not bring rain to the country either through their own powers or the accumulation of charms. It is from this heritage that the Saltigue class sprang out of. They are the "hereditary rain priests."[5] 

When 

Rainmaking ceremonies only takes place when there is drought in Seereer country. Sacred ceremonies such as the Cadde and Khangere are designed specifically for such events.[6] The Xoy (or Khoy) ceremony should not be confused with the Cadde and Khangere ceremonies. The Xoy specifically deals with predicting the weather, whilst the Cadde and Khangere ceremonies deals with the manipulating of the environment in order to bring rain to the country.

References

[1] Kalis, Simone, "Medecine Traditionnele Religion et Divination Chez Les Seereer Siin du Senegal", L'Harmattan (1997), pp 11-297, ISBN 2-7384-5196-9
[2]  ) Sarr, Alioune, "Histoire du Sine-Saloum", (Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker), Buletin de Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Tome 46, Serie B, n° 3-4, 1986-1987, (PDF: p. 31)
[3]  "Révélation de saltigué : Touba va accueillir la dépouille d’une célébrité venue de Dakar" [in] La Sénégalaise. (Xoy ceremony of 2011 held at Fatick).
[4] Sarr, Alioune, "Histoire du Sine-Saloum", (introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker), in Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 46, série B, nos 3-4, 1986-1987, (PDF: pp 31-38)
[5] Galvan, Dennis Charles, "The State Must be our Master of Fire : How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal", Berkeley, University of California Press, 2004, pp 86-135, ISBN 978-0-520-23591-5.
[6]  Niang, Mor Sadio, "CEREMONIES ET FÊTES TRADITIONNELLES", [in] " Éthiopiques, numéro 31, révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine, 3e trimestre (1982), (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).

Bibliography 

[1] Kalis, Simone, "Medecine Traditionnele Religion et Divination Chez Les Seereer Siin du Senegal", L'Harmattan (1997), pp 11-297, ISBN 2-7384-5196-9
[2] Sarr, Alioune, "Histoire du Sine-Saloum", (Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker), Bulletin de Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, tome 46, série B, n° 3-4, 1986-1987, (PDF: p. 31-38)
[3]  "Révélation de saltigué : Touba va accueillir la dépouille d’une célébrité venue de Dakar" [in] La Sénégalaise. (Xoy ceremony of 2011 held at Fatick).
[4] Galvan, Dennis Charles, "The State Must be our Master of Fire : How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal", Berkeley, University of California Press, 2004, pp 86-135, ISBN 978-0-520-23591-5.
[6]  Niang, Mor Sadio, "CEREMONIES ET FÊTES TRADITIONNELLES", [in] " Éthiopiques, numéro 31, révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine, 3e trimestre (1982), (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).

English

This article is part of the Seereer religion series. For other religious related articles, click on the category button below:

Please cite this work as:


The Seereer Resource Centre, "Rain making in Seereer religion" (2013), [in] The Seereer Resource Centre, URL: https://www.seereer.com/rainmaking-serer-religion