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Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak Juuf [1]  was a King of Siin [2] who ruled from 1853 to August 1971 (Klein, 1969, p.xv & 106). Maad a Sinig is a Seereer term meaning King of Siin (African Economic History, vol. 25, p. 36). The King of Saluum [3] is referred to as Maad a Saluum or Maad Saluum (D'Angelo, 2013, p. 44). Kumba Ndoofeen’s father was Souka Ndella (Diouf, 1972, p.722-30) whose grandfather Semou Njekeh [4] (Diouf, 1972, p.722-30) is immortalised in the cult of Tagdiam (Gravrand, 1990, p. 35).


On 18th May 1859 at the Battle of Logandème [5] (Diouf, 2005; Klein, 1968, p. 55-7 [6]), Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak was engaged in a resistance battle against French colonial rule (Diouf, 2005; Klein, 1968, p.55-7). Kumba Ndoofeen was defeated by the French forces and after his defeat, Louis Faidherbe, the then French governor of Senegal ordered his troops to burn Fatick and its surrounding villages to the ground (Klein, 1969, p. 57).


On 18th July 1867, Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak fought against the Muslim Marabout Maba Jaxu at the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune also known as the Battle of Somb (Sarr, 1986-7, PDF print, p.37-9; Diouf, 1972, p.727-9). The King of Siin was victorious and Maba Jaxu was killed in that battle (Sarr, 1986-7, PDF print, p.37-9; Diouf, 1972, p.727-9; Diagne, 1967. p. 94).


Notes

[1] There are several spelling variations of his name including :  Coumba N'Doffène Famak Diouf and Coumba N'Doffène Diouf. Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak Juuf is the spelling of his name in Seereer-Siin.

[2] The Kingdom of Siin (following its Seereer spelling) is also spelled Sine or Sin.

[3] Saluum (following its spelling in Seereer-Siin) is also spelled Saloum.

[4] There are several spelling variations of his name including Semou Djiké Diouf or Sémou Djiké Diouf.

[5] In French scholarly papers, that battle is also referred to as the Battle of Fatick.

[6] Klein (1968) made an error in page 56. Instead of May he wrote March. For the exact date of the Battle see Diouf (2005).

 


Bibliography

  1. D'Angelo, Sebastiano, "Politique et marabouts au Sénégal : 1854-2012",  Editions L'Harmattan (2013), p.44, ISBN 2336324326
  2. Diagne, Pathé, "Pouvoir politique traditionnel en Afrique occidentale: essais sur les institutions politiques précoloniales." Présence africaine (1967),  p 94.
  3. Diouf, Cheikh, "Fiscalité et Domination Coloniale: l'exemple du Sine: 1859-1940" Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar - (2005) - Master thesis [in] Memoire Online
  4. Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine." Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972), p. 722-30.
  5. Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation sereer", vol. II : "Pangool", Nouvelles éditions africaines, Dakar, (1990), p 35. ISBN 2-7236-1055-1
  6. Klein, Martin A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal Sine-Saloum, 1847–1914." Edinburgh University Press (1968), p. xv, 55-7, ISBN 85224 029 6
  7. Sarr, Alioune, "Histoire du Sine-Saloum." Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker, BIFAN, Tome 46, Serie B, n° 3-4, (1986–1987), p. 37-9 (PDF print) [in] Horizon Documentation.
  8. University of Wisconsin - Madison, African Studies Program, "Title African Economic History", volume 25, University of Wisconsin, African Studies Program, (1997), p. 36. Original from the University of Virginia.

Further reading
  1.  Corre, Armand, "Les Sérères de Joal et de Portudal (côte occidentale d'Afrique)", in Revue d'Ethnologie, tome II, (janvier-février 1883), p. 1-20, réédité à partir du manuscrit par Gabriel Debien dans le Bulletin de l'IFAN, Dakar, no 3-4, p. 2-71
  2. Diouf, Babacar Sedikh, "Maad a sinig: Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak JUUF (Buka-Cilaas), 1853-1871", PAPF (1987), 
  3. Lipschutz, Mark R.; Rasmussen, R. Kent, "Dictionary of African historical biography", 2nd Edition, University of California Press (1989), ISBN 0-520-06611-1
  4. Thiam, Iba Der, "Maba Diakhou Ba Almamy du Rip" (Sénégal), Paris, ABC, Dakar-Abidjan, NEA 1(977), p. 44

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