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The Seereer Library

Welcome to the Seereer Library

This page is constantly updated. 


This page contains a list of scholarly books, scientific papers, links to academic papers, audio and video recordings relating to Seereer history, religion, culture, health, genetics, medicine and philosophy. Scroll down the list and select your area of interest. Some of these resources may appear in more than one category/topic. For example a book/resource that covers Seereer religion, medicine and history will appear in all three areas. Don't forget to checkout our bank of articles covering various Seereer topics. Our external link page contains external websites/resources on various Seereer topics. For our list of reputable outlets selling Seereer music, please click here. You can also checkout our list of Seereer artists detailing their official websites (where relevant), their agents, managers and booking details. 


(01/09/2013 - 06/07/2014) : On the first Sunday of each month, we feature one Seereer related book on this page. If you would like to recommend a book to be featured, please contact us with details of the book. The book can be about about any Seereer related topic, for example: Seereer religion, history, sports, literature, etc. As long as it is Seereer related or a huge part of it is Seereer related, we will accept it for inclusion. For previously featured books please click here

If you've come across a resource that you feel would make an excellent addition to our Library, even if four or five pages (for books/papers) are devoted to Seereer, contact us. You can also help us expand this database and much more. Please click here for details.

1. History

For resources on Seereer history including Seereer conversion to Abrahamic religions, please see below:

1.1 Audios & Videos

See our PodcastVideo and YouTube pages for all our history related audios and videos, all of which have been translated and transcribed into PDF documents. Only a sample of our audio and video files are listed below.

1.2 Books

  1. (Portuguese) Comitê Científico Internacional da UNESCO para Redação da História Geral da África, EDITOR J. KI-ZERBO, "HISTÓRIA GERAL DA ÁFRICA". Available online (last retrieved : 23rd October 2013) [in] Geldes.org. In our archives.  English version in our archives. 
  2. (English) Thiaw, Ibrahima; "From the Senegal River to Siin: The Archaeology of Sereer Migrations in North-Western Senegambia." [in] "Migration and Membership Regimes in Global and Historical Perspective: An Introduction Studies in Global Migration History.",contributors: Bosma, Ulbe; Kessler, Gijs; Lucassen, Leo.  BRILL (2013), ISBN  9004251154. Additional information:   A collaborative work by various scholars. In reference to the Seereer, Ibrahima Thiaw's work covers the history of the Seereer-Singadum and Seereer-Cangin, their relationships, tumuli (lomb or podom) etc. : "Interestingly, the Sereer Singadum referred to the Sereer Cangin as the 'Noon', which means 'one whom you resemble', in the sense of resembling an ancestor. The assumption is that kin or members of the same lineage always resemble each other either physically or in terms of behaviour. Among the Sereer Singadum, death was sometimes referred to as 'a return to the Noon', the ancestors." Available online (last retrieved: 13th July 2013). 
  3. (français) Boilat, David P., "Esquisses sénégalaises",   (reprint),  KARTHALA Editions  (1853),  ISBN 2865370976. Available online (last retrieved: 20/07/2014). Additional information: This book by David Boilat does contain information about Seereer names and villages along with other historical events in the 19th century that has impacted Senegal and Seereer country.
  4. (English) Soares, Benjamin F.,  "Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa", (Editor: Soares, Benjamin F.),  Brill (2006), ISBN  9004152644
  5. (français) Gravrand, Henry, La civilisation sereer, vol. I : Cosaan: les origines, Nouvelles éditions africaines, Dakar (1983).
  6. (français) Ndiaye, Adama , "Le Bawol Occidentale: Mbadaan, Sandok, Jegem, Joobas, du Milieu du XIXe siècle à 1907", mémoire de maitrise, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Département d'Histoire, Décembre (1988). Additional information:  Seereer resistance to slavery: For a discussion on some of the defensive techniques of the Seereer people of Bawol, see this book especially p 22-7

  7. (English) Searing, James F., "West African Slavery and Atlantic Commerce: The Senegal River Valley, 1700-1860", (reprint), Cambridge University Press (2003), ISBN 0521534526

  8. (français) Descamps, Cyr. "Quelques réflexions sur le Néolithique du Sénégal, Volume 1, West African Journal of Archaeology (1981), p. 145-151
  9. (français) Th. Dagan, "Le Site préhistorique de Tiémassas (Sénégal)", Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (1956), p. 432-48

  10. (français) Thilmans, Guy; Descamps, Cyr; Camara, Abdoulaye; "Senegalia: études sur le patrimoine ouest-africain : hommage à Guy Thilmans", Sépia (2006), p. 80, 166 & 187, ISBN 2842801229

  11. (English) Asante, Molefi Kete; Mazama, Ama; "Encyclopedia of African Religion", SAGE Publications (2008), ISBN 9781506317861 (Last retrieved: 15 September 2015). From p. 845. NB: page number not available on free view.

  12. (English) Lea, David; Rowe, Annamarie; "A Political Chronology of Africa", Taylor & Francis (2001), p. 357, ISBN 9781857431162

  13. (English) Laport, L.; Bocoum, H.; Cros, J. P.; Delvoye, A.; Bernard, R.; Diallo, M.; Diop, M.; Kane, A.; Dartois, V.; Lejay, M.; Bertin, F.; and Quensel, L. (2012)."Megalithic monumentality in Africa: from graves to stone circles at Wanar, Senegal." Antiquity, vol. 86. Issue 332, p. 409-427. (Reviewed [in] Antiquity, Cambridge Journals, Published online: 2nd January 2015

  14. (English) Abbey, M T Rosalie Akouele, "Customary Law and Slavery in West Africa", Trafford Publishing (2011), p. 481–482, ISBN 1-4269-7117-6

  15. (English) Diop, Cheikh Anta, "The African origin of civilization : myth or reality" L. Hill (1974), ISBN 1-55652-072-7. For references to the Serer, see Chapter IX "Origin of the Serer", p. 192 - 199.

  16. (français) Boulègue, Jean, "Le Grand Jolof", (XVIIIe – XVIe Siècle). (Paris, Édition Façades (1989), Karthala (1987). ISBN  9782907233002. Abstract available in  Persée (last retrieved: 13 July 2013)

  17. (français) Dyao, Yoro, "Légendes et coutumes sénégalaises", Cahiers de Yoro Dyao: publiés et commentés par Henri Gaden. p 12. (E. Leroux, 1912)

  18. (English) Bressers, Hans; Rosenbaum, Walter A.; "Achieving sustainable development: the challenge of governance across social scales", Greenwood Publishing Group (2003), p. 140-1, 151-8, 160-1, 332, ISBN 0275978028. Available online. Additional information:  A good source for Seereer land law (master of fire), cosmology and culture.

  19. (English) Nnoli, Okwudiba, "Ethnic conflicts in Africa", CODESRIA (1998), p. 241, ISBN 2-86978-070-2

  20. (English) Mwakikagile, Godfrey "Ethnic Diversity and Integration in the Gambia : The Land, The People and The Culture", Continental Press (2010), p. 38, 56, 78, 88, 95-7, 116, 119-121, 146, 175, 178, 181, 193, 216, 221-7, 229-235, ISBN 9789987932221. Available online. (Last retrieved: 15 September 2015).

  21. (English) Rake, Alan, '"New African yearbook", Volumes 1999-2000, Africa Book Centre Limited (2000), p. 391

  22. (français) Chavane, Bruno A., "Villages de l'ancien Tekrour: recherches archéologiques dans la moyenne vallée du fleuve Sénégal", KARTHALA Editions (1985), p. 10-11, 28-9, 31, 33-4, 38, ISBN 9782865371433. Available online. (Last retrieved: 15 September 2015). 

  23. (English) Europa Publications, "A Political Chronology of Africa", Routledge (2003), p. 357, ISBN 9781135356668. Available online(Last retrieved: 15 September 2015).

  24. (English) Klein, Martin A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal: Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914",  Edinburgh University Press (1968), ISBN  0-85224-029-5. Available online (Last retrieved: 30 September 2015).

  25. (English French) Niang, Aliou Cissé, "Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal: The Apostle Paul, Colonists and Sending Gods"BRILL (2009), p. 68-9, ISBN  9789047428671. Available online. Additional information: References to the Seereer-Jola legend of "Agen" and "Dyāmbon" (last retrieved : 10th February 2017)


Index of Seereer Library Resources
1. History
       1.1. Audios and videos
       1.2. Books
       1.3. Scholarly papers
2. Religion
       2.1. Books
       2.2. Scholarly papers
3. Culture
       3.1 Cultural traditions (e.g. ndut, ndom, laws, customs)
                 3.1.1 Books
                 3.1.2 Scholarly papers
       3.2 The Seereer languages
                3.2.1 Books on the Seereer-Siin language
                            3.2.1.1 Scholarly papers on the Seereer-                                        Siin language
                3.2.2 Books on the Saafi-Saafi language
                            3.2.2.1 Scholarly papers on the Saafi-                                            Saafi language
                3.2.3 Books on the Ndut language
                            3.2.3.1 Scholarly papers on the Ndut                                              language
                3.2.4 Books on the Sili-Sili language
                            3.2.4.1 Scholarly papers on the Sili-Sili                                          language
               3.2.5 Books on the Noon language
                           3.2.5.1 Scholarly papers on the Noon                                              language
               3.2.6 Books on the Laalaa language
                           3.2.6.1 Scholarly papers on the Laalaa                                           language
              3.2.7 Books on the Cangin languages
                          3.2.7.1 Scholar papers on the Cangin                                              languages
       3.3 Poetry & literature 
                3.3.1 Articles/Reviews
                3.3.2 Books
       3.4 Film and the arts
               3.4.1 Articles and reviews 
               3.4.2 Books
       3.5 Sports

4. Health and genetics

       4.1 Books
       4.2 Scholarly papers
       4.3 Seereer medicine
                 4.3.1 Books
                 4.3.2 Scholarly papers
5. Philosophy
        5.1. Articles, books, reviews and/or scholarly papers

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1.3 Scholarly papers

  1. (français) Descamps, Cyr, "Contribution a la Préhistoire de l'Ouest-sénégalais", thèse, Paris, p 315. (inédit : p 126)
  2. (English) University of Calgary. Dept. of Archaeology, Society of Africanist Archaeologists in America, Society of Africanist Archaeologists, "Newsletter of         African archaeology, Issues 47-50", Dept. of Archaeology, University of Calgary, 1997, p 27, 58
  3. (français) Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès", [in] Éthiopiques, n° 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre                         (1991). Available online. (Last retrieved : 18 July 2013).                                                                                                                                                      Additional information: This article discusses the diverse Seereer groups, their geographical spread, customs and traditions and a bit about their history.           Although diverse, they are united by their Seereer ethnic identity. 
  4. (français) Lericollais, André, « La gestion du paysage? Sahélisation, surexploitation et délaissement des terroirs sereer au Sénégal », Afrique de l'ouest,           Dakar (21–26 November 1988), ORSTOM. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013)                                                                                                       Additional information: Also contains  Seereer medicinal plants and their corresponding Latin names. 
  5. (français) Becker, Charles: "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays sereer", CNRS-ORSTOM, Dakar, (1993).                                    Available online  (last retrieved : 13 July 2013). Additional information: This paper by Becker is mainly about Seereer history with references to Seereer artifacts which are religious in nature. 
  6. (français) Thilmans, Guy; Descamps, Cyr; Khayat, B.; "Protohistoire du Sénégal : recherches archéologiques, tome 1 : Les Sites Mégalithiques", IFAN, Dakar (1980).
  7. (françaisNdiaye, Fata, "LA SAGA DU PEUPLE SERERE ET L’HISTOIRE DU SINE", [in] Éthiopiques, n° 54 revue semestrielle de culture négro-africaine Nouvelle série volume 7, 2e semestre (1991) "Le SIIN avant les Gelwaar" (Last retrieved: 13 July 2013). Additional information: A good resource for the "Legend of  Jambooñ and Agaire". 
  8. (EnglishTaal, Ebou Momar, "Senegambian Ethnic Groups : Common Origins and Cultural Affinities Factors and Forces of National Unity, Peace and Stability", [in] The Point Newspaper (Gambia), Thursday, 22nd April 2010 (Last retrieved: 13 July 2013). Additional information: NB: There is a transitional error in Ebou Taal's work regarding the legend of Jambooñ and Agaire and the line of descent. It should be the other way round i.e. the Seereer trace descent to Jambooñ and the Jola trace descent to Agaire. See the name and spelling variations of the "legend of Jambooñ and Agaire" [in] our "Seereer historical figures" article.  For more on this legend, see Fata Ndiaye.
  9. (français) Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972). Additional information: Very rich in material about the history of Siin. Available in our archives. 
  10. (français) Sarr, Alioune, "Histoire du Sine-Saloum", (Sénégal), Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker. Version légèrement remaniée par rapport à celle qui est parue en 1986-87. (Bulletin de l'Ifan. Tome 46, Série B, n° 3-4, (1986-7)   Available online [in] Horizon Documentation.  (Last retrieved: 13 July 2013). Additional information:  Sarr's paper ("Histoire du Sine-Saloum"), contributed to by Charles Becker is the authoritative paper on Seereer medieval dynastic history (the Guelowar period in particular) in terms of accuracy of dates. Niokhobaye Diouf's paper ("Chronique du royaume du Sine") - see above, is very rich in detail, perhaps richer than Sarr's paper in terms of detail, however, Diouf's chronological dates do not agree with the general consensus and it only concerns the Kingdom of Siin. It does not include the Kingdom of Saluum which was another Seereer kingdom. 
  11. (français) Bâ, Abdou Bouri "Essai sur l’histoire du Saloum et du Rip." Avant-propos par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. Publié dans le Bulletin de l’Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire. Tome 38, Série B, n° 4, octobre 1976. Additional information: Available in our archives.
  12. (English) Klein, Martin A., "Sereer Tradition and the Development of Saalum", Document inédit, Dakar, UCAD, Département d’Histoire (2008), p. I-20. Original source : http://tekrur-ucad.refer.sn. Additional information: Available in our archives.

2. Religion

This section is specifically for resources on Seereer religion (a ƭat Roog).  The section also contain resources on Seereer religious law and rites of passage (ndut and ndom for Seereer boys and girls respectively). Seereer rites of passage can be cultural as well as religious. Certain laws may be custom based as well as religious. See Seereer culture as well. For our podcast on Seereer religion, click that link. 

2.1 Books

  1. (français) ThiawIssa Laye, "La femme Seereer", Sénégal, (2005), Sociétés africaines et diaspora. Edition L'harmattan, ISBN 2-7475-8907-2
  2. (français) Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation sereer" - "Pangool", vol.2, Les Nouvelles Éditions Africaines du Senegal, (1990), ISBN 2-7236-1055-1
  3. (English) Kellog, Day Otis; Smith, William Robertson, "The Encyclopedia Britannica: latest edition. A dictionary of arts, sciences and general literature",           Volume 25, p. 64, Werner (1902)
  4. (français) Kalis, Simone, "Médecine traditionnelle, religion et divination ches les Seereer Siin du Sénégal" – "La connaissance de la nuit", L’Harmattan,           (1997)  ISBN 2-7384-5196-9                                                                                                                                                                                      Additional information:  This book by Kalis is very detailed. It addresses Seereer medicine, divination and religion. There are also references to Seereer     culture and a list of plants used in Seereer medicine, in Seereer-Siin language and their scientific names. 
  5. (English) Universität Frankfurt am Main, Frobenius-Institut, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kulturmorphologie, Frobenius Gesellschaft, "Paideuma: Mitteilungen    zur Kulturkunde, Volumes 43-44", F. Steiner (1997), pp 144–5, (Henry Gravrand, "La civilisation Sereer" - "Pangool" [in]) ISBN 3515028420
  6. (English & français) Niangoran-Bouah, Georges, "L'univers Akan des poids à peser l'or : les poids dans la société", Les nouvelles éditions africaines - MLB, (1987), p 124-25, ISBN 2723614034
  7. (français) Faye, Louis Diène, "Mort et Naissance : Le monde Sereer", Les nouvelles éditions africaines (1983) ISBN 2-7236-0868-9                                      Additional information: This books deals with the religious aspects of birth and death in Seereer religion and society. It includes aspects of Seereer tombs,      Seereer mummification, the role of Saltigue(s) (the Seereer priestly class), religious dances and music, rites, and information about the Seereer families and    their participation in Seereer religious life.
  8. (English) Madiya, Clémentine Faïk-Nzuji, "Canadian Museum of Civilization", Canadian Centre for Folk Culture Studies, "International Centre for African        Language, Literature and Tradition", (Louvain, Belgium), p. 27, 155, ISBN 0-660-15965-1
  9. (English) Burke, Andrew, & Else, David, "The Gambia & Senegal", 2nd edition - September 2002, Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd, p 13
  10. (français) Arbonnier, M., "Arbres, arbustes et lianes des zones sèches d'Afrique de l'Ouest", CIRAD, Montpellier (2000) ISBN 2-87614-431-X
  11. (English) Rake, Alan, "New African yearbook", Volumes 1999-2000, Africa Book Centre Limited, 2000, p 391, ISBN 0905268636
  12. (English) Diop, Cheikh Anta, "The African origin of civilization: myth or reality" L. Hill (1974),  ISBN 1-55652-072-7. For references to the Serer, see Chapter IX "Origin of the Serer", p. 192 - 199.
  13. (English) Leonard, Scott A; McClure, Michael; "Myth and knowing - an introduction to world mythology", McGraw-Hill (2004), p 32, 63-172, ISBN                       076741957X
  14. (français) Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", KARTHALA Editions (1994),  ISBN 2865374874   Available online (last         retrieved: 13 July 2013).    
  15. (françaisDione,  Salif, "Le Ndut ou l’Éducation initiatique en pays sereer : étude thématique de chants et de symboles", Dakar, Université de Dakar,               (1979).
  16. (français) Dion, Salif, "L’Education traditionnelle à travers les chants et poèmes sereer", Dakar, Université de Dakar (1983)
  17. (English) Galvan, Dennis Charles, "The State Must Be Our Master of Fire: How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal." Berkeley,       University of California Press (2004) ISBN 0-520-23591-6                                                                                                                                                   Additional information: This book is mainly about Seereer land law with aspects of the lamanic system and land inheritance. Elements of Seereer religion           especially the Seereer priestly class (Saltigue) are included and a bit about Seereer history. Other than the biased statements expressed by Galvan in             certain parts of the book, it is good book for understanding Seereer lamanic system and land inheritance. 
  18. (français) Gastellu, Jean-Marc, "L'égalitarisme économique des Serer du Sénégal", IRD Editions, (1981)  ISBN 2-7099-0591-4                                                 Additional information: This book also contains information about the totems of certain Seereer families provided by M.Samb (1937). See page 130 for that.
  19. (français) Dupire, Marguerite, "Les "tombes de chiens : mythologies de la mort en pays Serer" (Sénégal),Journal of Religion in Africa (1985), vol. 15
  20. (français) Brisebarre, Anne-Marie, Kuczynski, Liliane, "La Tabaski au Sénégal: Une fête musulmane en milieu urbain", KARTHALA Editions. p. 86,87,             181, 444. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013). Additional information: This is mainly a Wolof text.
  21. (English) Krzyżaniak, Lech; Kroeper, Karla; Kobusiewicz, Michał, Muzeum Archeologiczne w Poznaniu. "Interregional contacts in the later prehistory of           northeastern Africa." Poznań Archaeological Museum, (1996) p. 57–58, ISBN 83-900434-7-5
  22. (EnglishAmerican Society of African Culture. African forum, Volumes 3-4. American Society of African Culture., (1967). p 85
  23. (français) Bruzzone, Virginia Tiziana , "La royauté de la mer à Fadiouth : aspects de la religion traditionnelle seereer", Sénégal, L'Harmattan, Paris ; IFAN,       Dakar, (2011) ISBN 978-2-296-54888-6
  24. (English) Berg, Elizabeth L; Wan, Ruth; "Cultures of the World: Senegal", Benchmark Books (NY) (2009), p. 144, ISBN 978-0-7614-4481-7
  25. (français) Kesteloot, Lilyan, "Introduction aux religions d'Afrique noire",  Editors : IFAN, NEAS, (2007), vol.1,  p 8, 14, 19, 50
  26. (DeutschUniversität Frankfurt am Main, Frobenius-Institut, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kulturmorphologie, Frobenius Gesellschaft, "Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, Volumes 43-44", F. Steiner (1997), p. 144-5, ISBN 3515028420 
  27. (English) Diouf, Mamadou; Leichtman, Mara, "New perspectives on Islam in Senegal: conversion, migration, wealth, power, and femininity", Palgrave Macmillan (2009), p. 93–96, 104–6, ISBN 0230606482. Additional information: A reference for the deity Koox Seen.
  28. (français) "Notes africaines", Issues 181–190, Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Institut français d'Afrique noire, Institut français d'Afrique noire, (1984), p. 45–6
  29. (français) Tastevin, C. (R.P.), "La religion des Nones", Études missionnaires, t. II, no 2, avril-juin : 81-100; t. II, no 3, juillet-sep : 176-187. (1933, 1934)
  30. "Religion en Afrique"
  31. (français) Deffontaines, Pierre, "Géographie et religiones", ed: 10, Gallimard (1948), p. 54–71, 369
  32. (français) Société de géographie (France), "La Géographie, Volumes 61-62", Masson et cie., (1934), p 245
  33. (français) Dupire, Marguerite, "Totems sereer et contrôle rituel de l'environnement", L'Homme (1991), Volume 31, Issue 118 (pp. 37-66), [in] Persee. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).  Additional information : This is a good source for Ndut religion, culture and history.
  34. (English) Echenberg, Myron J., "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", Heinemann (2002),  p. 139, 160-161, ISBN 0325070172
  35. (français) Société de géographie (France), "La Géographie, Volumes 61-62", Masson et cie., (1934), p 245
  36. (English) Newland, H. Osman; Lewin, Evans, "West Africa: a handbook of practical information for the official, planter, miner, financier & trader", D. O'Connor (1922), p. 90
  37. (français) Bérenger-Féraud, Laurent-Jean-Baptiste, "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie: histoire, ethnographie, mœurs et coutumes, légendes, etc", E. Leroux (1879),       p. 276-7
  38. (English) "Africa", Forgotten Books, p. 143, ISBN 1440091307
  39. (English) Keane, A. H.; Quiggin, A. Hingston; Haddon, A. C., "Man: Past and Present", illustrated, revised, Cambridge University Press (2011), p. 47-49, 578. Available online  (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  40. (français) Ngom, Biram, « La question guelwar et la formation du royaume du Sine », [in] Éthiopiques, no 54, nouvelle série, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991. Available online  (last retrieved: 13 July 2013). 
  41. (English) Frazer, James George "Folk-Lore In The old Testament. Studies In Comparative Religion Legend and Law", Forgotten Books (1918), p. 317-8, ISBN 1440070156 
  42. (English) Newland, H. Osman; Lewin, Evans, "West Africa : a handbook of practical information for the official, planter, miner, financier & trader", D. O'Connor (1922), p 90
  43. (français) Faye, Amade, "Le thème de la mort dans la littérature Seereer : Essai",  Nouvelles Editions africaines du Sénégal · Agence de coopération culturelle et technique (1997), ISBN 2723604101. Additional information: This book by Faye covers "Serer literature, death in literature, history and criticism". Other areas include aspects of death in relation to Seereer religion. The book is in French and Seereer-Siin. 
  44. (français) Faye, Amade;  Kesteloot, Lilyan;  "Le thème de la mort dans la littérature seereer: essai"Éd. Maguilen (1995)
  45. (English) "The Sacred and the Feminine: Imagination and Sexual Difference", Editors: Pollock, Griselda; Turvey-Sauron, Victoria; p. 92-100, 293, 306-7, I.B.Tauris (2007), ISBN 9781845115210. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).
  46. (français) Ngom, Abdou, "La danse du saltiki",  Editions L'Harmattan (2012), ISBN  2296479421. Available online (last retrieved: 20 July 2014)
  47. (français) Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation sereer, vol. I : Cosaan: les origines", Nouvelles éditions africaines, Dakar (1983).
  48. (Deutsch) Reinwald, Brigitte, "Der Reichtum der Frauen: Leben und Arbeit der weiblichen Bevölkerung in Siin/Senegal unter dem Einfluss der französischen Kolonisation"Volume 9 of Studien zur afrikanischen Geschichte, Lit (1995 ), p. 74, 94-7.   ISBN 9783894737788  (Brief reference to YAAB and YOP on p.74, See Gravrand "Pangool" for more on  YAB and YOB).
  49. (English) Asante, Molefi Kete; Mazama, Ama; "Encyclopedia of African Religion", SAGE Publications (2008), ISBN 9781506317861 (NB: page number not available on free view)
  50. (français) Ndione, Marcel Samba, "Prophéties et politique au Sénégal: Prédicateurs sereer (saltigi) et acteurs politiques"Editions L'Harmattan (2015), ISBN  9782336383354.  Available online (Last retrieved: 15 September 2015). Additional information: A good source for the role of Seereer Saltigues and the Xoy divination ceremony. 
  51. (English) Bressers, Hans; Rosenbaum, Walter A.; "Achieving sustainable development: the challenge of governance across social scales", Greenwood Publishing Group (2003), p. 140-1, 151-8, 160-1, 332, ISBN 0275978028. Available online. Additional information:  A good source for Seereer land law (master of fire), cosmology and culture.
  52. (français) Kesteloot, Lilyan, "Dieux d'eau du Sahel : voyage à travers les mythes, de Seth à Tyamaba", L'Harmattan, Paris, IFAN, Dakar, (2007), p. 9, 11, 16, 36, 123, 267, ISBN 978-2-296-04384-8. Available online.
  53. (English French) Niang, Aliou Cissé, "Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal: The Apostle Paul, Colonists and Sending Gods"BRILL (2009), p. 68-9, ISBN  9789047428671. Available online. Additional information: References to the Seereer-Jola legend of "Agen" and "Dyāmbon" (last retrieved : 10th February 2017) 
  54. Jedrej, M. M. Charles;  Shaw, Rosalind, "Dreaming, Religion, and Society in Africa", (Volume 7 of Studies on religion in Africa / Studies on religion in Africa);  illustrated,  BRILL (1992), "Dreams, inspiration and craftwork among the Tukulor weavers", p. 73 and 84. ISBN  9789004089365. Available online. Additional information: This is paper mainly focuses on Tukuloor with references to Seereer (see page 84, note 10)

2.2 Scholarly papers

  1. (français) Becker, Charles, "Les Serer Ndut: Études sur les mutations sociales et religieuses", Microéditions Hachette (1974).
  2. (français)  Thiaw, Issa laye, "Mythe de la création du monde selon les sages sereer", p. 45–50, 59-61 [in] "Enracinement et Ouverture" – "Plaidoyer pour le   dialogue interreligieux", Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (23 and 24 June 2009). Available online [in] Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (last retrieved: 18 July 2013).    Additional information: This paper is a joint effort about interfaith dialogue. Several authors have contributed to the paper. For Seereer religion, see Professor    Issa Laye Thiaw’s text from page 43: “Religions et Arbres à travers les ages”. For Seereer creation myth, see from page 45. Professor Thiaw covers Seereer    creation mythology, the cult of the serpent and the importance of trees in the Seereer creation narrative.
  3. (français) Thiaw, Issa Laye, "La religiosité des Seereer, avant et pendant leur islamisation", [in] Éthiopiques, n°. 54, volume 7, 2e semestre 1991. Available online.  (Last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  4. (English) International African Institute, Environment Training Programme, "African environment, Volume 11, Issues 1-2", Environment Training Programme    (2002), p 104 & 117 
  5. (français) Gravrand, Henry, "Le Symbolisme sereer : Mythe du Saas et symboles", « Revue de Psycho-Pathologie » vol. 9 No 2 Dakar (1971) (Published and reviewed under the title "Le symbolisme serer" [in] Psychopath. Afric. 1973, IX, 2, 237-265 [in] Psychopathologie africaine). Review online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013)
  6. (français) Descamps, Cyr, "Contribution a la Préhistoire de l'Ouest-sénégalais", thèse, Paris, p 315. (inédit : p 126)
  7. (English) University of Calgary. Dept. of Archaeology, Society of Africanist Archaeologists in America, Society of Africanist Archaeologists, "Newsletter of   African archaeology, Issues 47-50", Dept. of Archaeology, University of Calgary, 1997, p 27, 58
  8. (français)  Gravrand, Henry, « La prière sérèer », Expérience et language religieux [in] "Religions africaines et christianisme", Colloque international de              Kinshasa (1978), vol. 1, Kinshasa (1979), 106s.  
  9. (français) Gravrand, Henry, « La prière sérèer », Expérience et language religieux [in] "Religions africaines et christianisme", Colloque international de             Kinshasa (1978), vol. 1, Kinshasa (1979), 106s. [in] Bénézet, "Introduction à la théologie africaine", p 22. Bénézet available online. (Last retrieved : 13 July     2013
  10. (français) Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès", [in] Éthiopiques, n°54, vol. 7, 2e semestre                         (1991). Available online. (Last retrieved : 18 July 2013).                                                                                                                                                      Additional information: This article discusses the diverse Seereer groups, their geographical spread, customs and traditions and a bit about their history.            Although diverse, they are united by their Seereer ethnic identity. 
  11. (français) Lericollais, André, « La gestion du paysage? Sahélisation, surexploitation et délaissement des terroirs sereer au Sénégal », Afrique de l'ouest,           Dakar (21–26 November 1988), ORSTOM. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013)                                                                                                         Additional information: Also contains  Seereer medicinal plants and their corresponding Latin names. 
  12. (français) Becker, Charles: "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays sereer", CNRS-ORSTOM, Dakar, (1993).                                     Available online  (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).                                                                                                                                                                 Additional information: This paper by Becker is mainly about Seereer history with references to Seereer artifacts which are religious in nature. 
  13. (français) Gravrand, Henry : "L’HERITAGE SPIRITUEL SEREER : VALEUR TRADITIONNELLE D’HIER, D’AUJOURD’HUI ET DE DEMAIN" [in]                     Ethiopiques, numéro 31, révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine, 3e trimestre (1982). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).                                     Additional information: This paper contains information about the Seereer jom principle. These values  are the values that every good Seereer is             expected to live by. 
  14. (français) Éthiopiques, "Issues 55-56". Editor: Fondation Léopold Sédar Senghor (1991) p. 62–95, 124
  15. (français) Niang, Mor Sadio, "CEREMONIES ET FÊTES TRADITIONNELLES", Éthiopiques numéro 31 révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine 3e trimestre (1982). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).                                                                                                                              Additional information: This article details some of the Seereer festivals or those that are celebrated in Seereer country.
  16. (English) Secka, A.; Sow, I., and Niass, M., (Collaborators: A.D. Ndoye, T. Kante, A. Thiam, P. Faye and T. Ndiaye.) Senegal, Horticonsult "The                  biodiversity of traditional leafy vegetables"  Available online courtesy of Wikiwix (via French Wikipedia). (last retrieved: 18 July (2013).                                    Additional paper: This paper has both Seereer religious and medicinal references - especially towards the end with references to Seereer                                 medicinal plants. For religious references see pages 85-110.      
  17. (français) LA PIAILLÉE, N° 141, Avril 2006, De Dakar à St Laurent de Chamousset.                                                                                                             Additional information:A good article containing information about Seereer marriage, etc. An extract of this article was published in                                          Senegal-marriage.com and in Association Cedo.
  18. (français) Diouf, Babacar Sedikh, "Le fond spirituel de l'unité seereer", Journees Culturelles Sereres (2001)
  19. (English) Ngom, Pierre; Gaye, Aliou; & Sarr, Ibrahima; "Ethnic Diversity and Assimilation in Senegal: Evidence from the 1988 Census" [in] African Census Analysis Project (ACAP). ACAP Working Paper No. 13th February 2000 
  20. "Serer" [in] SAGE Knowledge http://sk.sagepub.com/reference/africanreligion/n376.xml

3. Culture

For resources relating to Seereer culture and customs, e.g. circumcision and rites of passage  (ndut and ndom) , sport, dance, music, languages etc., please scroll down this list. See also our podcast for the relevant topic of interest. 

3.1 Cultural traditions (e.g. ndut, ndom, laws, customs)

3.1.1 Books

  1. (françaisDione,  Salif, "Le Ndut ou l’Éducation initiatique en pays sereer : étude thématique de chants et de symboles", Dakar, Université de Dakar,               (1979).
  2. (français) Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", KARTHALA Editions (1994),  ISBN 2865374874 
  3. (English) Galvan, Dennis Charles, "The State Must Be Our Master of Fire: How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal." Berkeley,         University of California Press (2004) ISBN 0-520-23591-6. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).                                                                              Additional information: This book is mainly about Seereer land law with aspects of the lamanic system and land inheritance. Elements of Seereer religion         especially the Seereer priestly class (Saltigue) are included and a bit about Seereer history. Other than the bias statements expressed by Galvan in                 certain parts of the book and the contempt he had for the Seereer people (the main subject of this book and the very people who helped him wrote this             book),  it is a good book for understanding the Seereer lamanic system and land inheritance. 
  4. (françaisGastellu, Jean-Marc, "L'égalitarisme économique des Serer du Sénégal", IRD Editions, (1981)  ISBN 2-7099-0591-4. Available online (last                 retrieved: 18 July 2013)                                                                                                                                                                                                     Additional information: This book also contains information about the totems of certain Seereer families provided by M.Samb (1937). See page 130 for that
  5. (English) Berg, Elizabeth L; Wan, Ruth; "Cultures of the World: Senegal", Benchmark Books (NY) (2009), p. 144, ISBN 978-0-7614-4481-7
  6. (français) Faye, Louis Diène,"Éducation et mariage: le monde seereer" - tradition orale, Nouvelles Éditions africaines du Sénégal (2006), ISBN 2723614662
  7. (français) Faye, Louis Diène, "Mort et Naissance : Le monde Sereer", Les nouvelles éditions africaines (1983) ISBN 2-7236-0868-9                                         Additional information: This books deals with the religious aspects of birth and death in Seereer religion and society. It includes aspects of Seereer tombs,       Seereer mummification, the role of Saltigue(s) (the Seereer priestly class), religious dances and music, rites, and information about the Seereer families and     their participation in Seereer religious life.
  8. (Seereer/Ndut) Faye, Louis Diène, "Le Prophète William Wade Harris: son message d'humilité et de progrès"Nouvelles Éditions africaines du Sénégal (2006), ISBN  2723614662 
  9. (English) Bressers, Hans; Rosenbaum, Walter A.; "Achieving sustainable development: the challenge of governance across social scales", Greenwood Publishing Group (2003), p. 140-1, 151-8, 160-1, 332, ISBN 0275978028. Available online. Additional information:  A good source for Seereer land law (master of fire), cosmology and culture.
  10. Jedrej, M. M. Charles;  Shaw, Rosalind, "Dreaming, Religion, and Society in Africa"(Volume 7 of Studies on religion in Africa / Studies on religion in Africa);  illustrated,  BRILL (1992), "Dreams, inspiration and craftwork among the Tukulor weavers", p. 73 and 84. ISBN  9789004089365. Available online. Additional information: This is paper mainly focuses on Tukuloor with references to Seereer (see page 84, note 10)

3.1.2 Scholarly papers

  1. (français) ThiawIssa Laye, "La femme Seereer", Sénégal, (2005), Sociétés africaines et diaspora. Edition L'harmattan, ISBN 2-7475-8907-2
  2. (English) Niang, Cheikh Ibrahima; Boiro, Hamadou, "Social Construction of Male Circumcision in West Africa, A Case Study of Senegal and Guinea-               Bissau", [in] Reproductive Health Matters (2007). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  3. (français) Gravrand, Henry, "L’HERITAGE SPIRITUEL SEREER : VALEUR TRADITIONNELLE D’HIER, D’AUJOURD’HUI ET DE DEMAIN." Éthiopiques n°    31, révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine, 3e trimestre (1982). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  4. (français) Dione,  Salif, "Le Ndut ou l’Éducation initiatique en pays sereer : étude thématique de chants et de symboles", Dakar, Université de Dakar, (1979
  5. (français) LA PIAILLÉE, N° 141, Avril 2006, De Dakar à St Laurent de Chamousset.                                                                                                              Additional information: A good article containing information about Seereer marriage, etc.  An extract of this article was published in                                         Senegal-marriage.com and in Association Cedo.
  6. (English) Galvan, Dennis, "The Case of the Peasant’s Association of Tukar", Senegal.  Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  7. (English) Diouf, Babacar Sedikh, "Le fond spirituel de l'unité seereer", Journees Culturelles Sereres (2001)

3.2 The Seereer languages

Our resources on the Seereer languages (meaning languages of the Seereer peoples) are divided into seven categories in order to help locate the relevant resource(s) for the relevant language of interest. These categories are: resources on the Seereer-Siin language, resources on the Saafi-Saafi, Ndut, Sili-Sili, Noon and Laalaa languages. To access resources for Cangin languages, all the language resources (except Seereer-Siin) are duplicated in the Cangin Section (below).

3.2.1 Books on the Seereer-Siin language

  1. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Morphologie du nom sérère: système nominal et alternance consonantique", Université de Dakar, Centre de linguistique          appliquée de  Dakar (1985)
  2. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Caq falay a seereer - 1: garaameer a seereer", Volume 1, Centre de Linguistique Appliquee de Dakar (1988)
  3. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Guide practique du "Seereer écrit", Centre de Linguistique Appliquée de Dakar (1981)
  4. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Manuel d'orthographe du seereer", Centre National de Ressources Educationnelles (2009)
  5. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Morphologie du nom serere: (système nominal et alternance consonantique)", Centre de linguistique appliquée (1985)
  6. (français) Faye, Souleymane, "Aqatoor a seereer: syllabaire", Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines (1986)
  7. (français) Dioh, Irénée Guilane, "Les hologrammes du seereer: parler de Faajut, Sénégal"Fasal (2009)
  8. (français) Crétois, Léonce, “Dictionnaire sereer-français: différents dialectes", Dakar: Centre de Linguistique Appliquée de Dakar  (1972)
  9. (français) Crétois, Léonce, "Les proverbes et énigmes sereer (dans le Dictionnaire sereer-français)", contributor:  Centre de linguistique appliquée de               Dakar,  Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar (1983)
  10. (français) Crétois, Léonce, "Dictionnaire sereer-français: différents dialectes", Volume 4, Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar (1973)
  11. (français) Crétois, Léonce; Becker, Charles, "Le vocabulaire sereer de la faune",
  12. (français) Crétois, Léonce, "Le vocabulaire sereer de la flore", editor: Charles Becker, Centre de linguistique appliquée (1983)
  13. (français) Fal, Aramé,  “Les nominaux en sereer-siin: Parler de Jaxaaw”, Dakar: Nouvelles Editions Africaines, (1980)
  14. (English) Ladefoged, Peter, "A Phonetic Study of West African Languages: An Auditory-instrumental Survey",  Cambridge University Press (1968),                 ISBN 0521069637, p. 4, 6, 17, 21, 22, 24, 25, 28,38, 43, 46, 68, 73. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  15. (français) Faye, Waly Coly, "Précis grammatical de Sérère", Volume 75, contributor:  Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar, Centre de Linguistique           Appliquée de Dakar (1980).
  16. (français) Rasoloniaina, Brigitte, "Etude des représentations linguistiques des Sereer: Sénégal : Mbour, Nianing, Sandiara",  L'Harmattan (2000)
  17. (français) Fernstrom, Stig-Olaf;  Ndiaye, Sedar;  Faye, Waly Coly; United Bible Societies; "Safe le no Nqaariit Nqas ne", Alliance biblique universelle               (1995) 
  18. (français & Seereer) Mäkelä, Katriina, "Aqatin seereer: guide pratique pour apprendre le seereer", Mission luthérienne du Sénégal (1989)                                  Additional information: This is a good book for anyone wanting to learn Seereer.
  19.  (français) Faye, Waly Coly, "Etude morphosyntaxique du sereer singandum", Université des langues et lettres de Grenoble (1978)
  20. (français) Faye, Waly Coly, "Eléments de grammaire sereer", Volume 1Publifan (1995)
  21. (Seereer) Alliance Biblique au Senegal, "Nqaariit ne roog", L'Alliance Biblique au Senegal (2007), ISBN 9966273336. Additional information: This is a Bible written in Seereer. 
  22. (Seereer/Ndut) Faye, Louis Diène, "Le Prophète William Wade Harris: son message d'humilité et de progrès"Nouvelles Éditions africaines du Sénégal (2006), ISBN  2723614662

3.2.1.1 Scholarly papers on the Seereer-siin language

  1. (English) McLaughlin, Fiona (1994), "Consonant mutation in Seereer-Siin". Studies in African Languages 23: 279–313. (English) McLaughlin, Fiona (2000).       "Consonant mutation and reduplication in Seereer-Siin", Phonology 17: 333–363.  
  2. (English) Mc Laughlin, Fiona (2005), "Voiceless implosives in Seereer-Siin", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (2): 201–214
  3. (français) Senghor, L. S. (1994). "L'harmonie vocalique en sérère (dialecte du Dyéguème)". Journal de la Société des Linguistes 14: 17–23.
  4. (français) Chanard, Christian, "Systèmes alphabétiques des langues africaines : Sereer", LLACAN (2006).
  5. (français and Seereer) Gouvernement du Sénégal, "DECRET N° 2005-990 du 21 octobre 2005 Relatif à l’orthographe et la séparation des mot en seereer."
  6. (français) Faye, Souleymane (Centre de Linguistique Appliquée Société de Dakar);  Hillebrand DIJKSTRA (Société Internationale de Linguistique Dakar), "GLOTTALISEES DU SEREER-SIIN, DU SAAFI-SAAFI DU NOON DU SENEGAL : ETUDE COMPARATIVE DE LA SONORITE." 
  7. Ndour, Malick, "A Descriptive Study of the English Articles and Some Aspects in French and Seereer : A Contrastive Approach"Université Gaston Berger de Saint Louis, U.F.R de Lettres et Sciences Humaines, (Supervisor Dr Amadou Moustapha Diop), [in] Memoire de Maitrise, (1997 / 1998), Masters thesis
  8. Ngom, Fallou, "A SOCIOLINGUISTIC PROFILE OF THE SENEGALESE SPEECH COMMUNIT", Studies in the Linguistic Sciences, Volume 29, Number 1 (Spring 1999), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaig, (thesis)

3.2.2 Books on the Saafi-Saafi language

3.2.2.1 Scholarly papers on the Saafi-Saafi language

  1. (français) Faye, Souleymane (Centre de Linguistique Appliquée Société de Dakar);  Hillebrand DIJKSTRA (Société Internationale de Linguistique Dakar), "GLOTTALISEES DU SEREER-SIIN, DU SAAFI-SAAFI DU NOON DU SENEGAL : ETUDE COMPARATIVE DE LA SONORITE." 

3.2.3 Books on the Ndut language

  1. (Seereer/Ndut) Faye, Louis Diène, "Le Prophète William Wade Harris: son message d'humilité et de progrès",  Nouvelles Éditions africaines du Sénégal (2006), ISBN  2723614662

3.2.3.1 Scholarly papers on the Ndut language

3.2.4 Books on the Sili-Sili language

3.2.4.1 Scholarly papers on the Sili-Sili language

3.2.5 Books on the Noon language

3.2.5.1 Scholarly papers on the Noon language

  1. (français) Faye, Souleymane (Centre de Linguistique Appliquée Société de Dakar);  Hillebrand DIJKSTRA (Société Internationale de Linguistique Dakar), "GLOTTALISEES DU SEREER-SIIN, DU SAAFI-SAAFI DU NOON DU SENEGAL : ETUDE COMPARATIVE DE LA SONORITE." 

3.2.6 Books on the Laalaa language

3.2.6.1 Scholarly papers on the Laalaa language

3.2.7 Books on the Cangin languages

3.2.7.1 Scholar papers on the Cangin languages

  1. (English) Pichl, W. J., "The Cangin group: a language group in northern Senegal",  Duquesne University Press (1966)

3.3 Poetry & literature 

  1. (français) Dion, Salif, "L’Education traditionnelle à travers les chants et poèmes sereer", Dakar, Université de Dakar (1983)
  2. (français) N'Diaye, Raphael, "Chants-Poemes de femmes sereer: techniques de creation", Presence africaine, no. 141, (1987), p. 83-101
  3. (français) N'Diaye, Raphael, "LEOPOLD SEDAR SENGHOR : DE LA GENESE A LA PARTURITION DU POEME, LES ETAPES D’UNE DEMARCHE              POETIQUE" [in] Ethiopiques numéro spécial. Littérature, philosophie et art 10e anniversaire. Senghor, d’hier à demain. Available online (last retrieved: 13        July 2013).
  4. (français) Faye, Amade, "Le thème de la mort dans la littérature Seereer : Essai",  Nouvelles Editions africaines du Sénégal · Agence de coopération culturelle et  technique (1997), ISBN 2723604101. Additional information: This book by Faye covers "Serer literature, death in literature, history and criticism". Other areas include aspects of death in relation to Seereer religion. The book is in French and Seereer-Siin. 
  5. (français) Faye, Amade;  Kesteloot, Lilyan;  "Le thème de la mort dans la littérature seereer: essai",  Éd. Maguilen (1995)

3.3.1 Articles/Reviews

(Some of these works are influenced by Seereer religion and/or mythology):

  1. (English, original text français)  Senghor, Léopold Sédar, "Chants d'ombre" [in] "Selected poems of LEOPOLD SEDAR SENGHOR", CUP Archive, p. 103,     125. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).
  2. (English, original text français)  Senghor, Léopold Sédar, « Chants d'ombre » [in] Fraser, Robert, "West African Poetry: A Critical History", Cambridge             University Press (1986), p 51, ISBN 052131223X. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).
  3. (English, original text français) Senghor, Léopold Sédar, Préface: « Un Regard Neuf pour l’Afrique Noire »; [in] "A New Look at Black Africa"; [in]                   Alexandre, Pierre, "LES AFRICAINS" (1981); [in] Camara, Fatou Kiné (PhD) & Seck, Abdourahmane (PhD), "Secularity and Freedom of Religion in Senegal:     Between a Constitutional Rock and a     Hard Reality", p.859-61 (p. 2-3). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).

3.3.2 Books

3.4 Film and the arts

For resources on Seereer related films, Seereer dance, music, etc., please see below:


  1. Safi Faye's "Selbe" [in] Editors:  Robin, Diana; Jaffe, Ira, "Redirecting the Gaze: Gender, Theory, and Cinema in the Third World"SUNY Press (1999), p.; 138, ISBN 1438417527. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013)

3.4.1 Articles and reviews 

(Some of these works are influenced by Seereer religion & mythology):


  1. (English) Armes, Roy, "African Film making: North And South of the Sahara", Indiana University Press (2006), p 80, ISBN 0253218985. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).
  2. (français)  « MBILEM OU LE BAOBAB DU LION » de Fama Diagne Sène : Une confrontation entre la tradition et la modernité, [in] PiccMi.com. Difficult to       get hold of online but available in our archives.  Original sourcePiccMi.com.
  3. (English) "Pape and Cheikh" biography [in]  Womad.org "artists", by Andy Morgan (July 2003). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).
  4. (français) Sy, Abdourahmane (28 February 2010). "Rémi Jegaan Dioh: Sur un air culturel et cultuel". FerlooIn our archives
  5. (English) Clément, Catherine, Cox, Steve & Schwartz, Ros, "Theo's Odyssey", Arcade Publishing (1999), p 459, ISBN 1559704993. Available online (last      retrieved : 13 July 2013).

3.4.2 Books

  1. (français)  Dion, Salif, "L’Education traditionnelle à travers les chants et poèmes sereer", Dakar, Université de Dakar (1983)

3.5 Sports

4. Health and genetics

For resources on Seereer health problems, poverty related health issues, or resources on Seereer genetics, scroll down this list:

4.1 Books

4.2 Scholarly papers

  1. (français) Ndiaye CA, Delaunay V, Adjamagbo A., [Knowledge and use of contraceptive methods in rural Sereer, Senegal]. Sante. 2003 Jan-Mar; 13(1):31-       7. Available online [in] John Libbey Eurotext (jle.com) (last retrieved: 18 July 2013) – English page also available.
  2. (English) Bénéfice E, Garnier D, Ndiaye G, “High levels of habitual physical activity in west African adolescent girls and relationship to maturation, growth,         and nutritional status: results from a 3-year prospective study.” Am J Hum Biol. 2001 Nov-Dec;13(6):808-20.
  3. (English) Garenne, Michel; Walle, Etienne van de, “Polygyny and Fertility Among the Sereer of Senegal” Population Studies Vol. 43, No. 2 (Jul., 1989),              Taylor & Francis Ltd.  Review [in] JSTOR  (last retrieved : 13 July 2013).
  4. (français) Garenne, Michel; Ginneken, Jeroen van “Comparison of retrospective surveys with a longitudinal follow-up in Senegal: SFS, DHS and                       Niakhar.”European Journal of Population / Revue Européenne de Démographie, Vol. 10, No. 3 (Sep., 1994), Springer
  5. (English) Dieye, A., "HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR, -DQ typing in a population group of Senegal: distribution of HLA antigens and HLA-DRB1*13 and DRB1*11                 subtyping by PCR using sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP)." Tissue Antigens 47:194 (1996)
  6. (English) Dieye, A; Diaw, ML; Rogier, C; Trape, JF; Sarthou, JL. “HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR, -DQ typing in a population group of Senegal: distribution of HLA               antigens and HLA-DRB1*13 and DRB1*11 subtyping by PCR using sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP).” Tissue Antigens. 1996 Mar;47(3)
  7. (English) Rosetta, L, “Breast feeding and post-partum amenorrhea in Serere women in Senegal”, Ann Hum Biol 1989 Jul-Aug;16(4):311-20
  8. (English) Rosetta, L, “Seasonal changes and the physical development of young Serere children in Senegal”, Ann Hum Biol 1988 May-Jun;15(3):179-89
  9. (français) Baylet, R.; Diop, S; Dauchy, S; Baylet, JF, [Urbanization and health. XII. Prevalence of bacterial and viral entero-infections in 2 Serer                     populations]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1983 Jan-Feb;76(1):11-5.
  10. (français) Baylet, R; Diop ,S; Dauchy, S; Roulet, H; Baylet, JF, [Urbanization and health. XIII. Bacterial and viral infections transmitted rhinopharyngeally         in 2 Serer populations (endemic and migrant centers)]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1983 Jan-Feb;76(1):16-20.
  11. (English) Llaurens, V; Raymond, M; Faurie, C; “Ritual fights and male reproductive success in a human population”, J Evol Biol 2009 Sep;22(9):1854-9.          doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2009.01793.x. Epub 2009 Jul 3.                                                                                                                                                    Additional information: “[…], the reproductive success of men competing in a traditional ritual fight, Sereer wrestling, was investigated for the first time.            Involvement in wrestling had a significant positive effect on men's number of offspring and a marginally significant effect on polygyny, controlling for age,        body condition and socio-economic status. […] However, when women were interviewed on their preference concerning qualities of potential mates, the            quality 'being involved in wrestling competition' was poorly ranked.”                                                                                                                                      Abstract review of scientific paper [in] the National Center for Biotechnology Information (pubmed.gov) (last retrieved: 18 July 2013).
  12. (English) Migot-Nabias, F; Pelleau ,S; Watier, L; Guitard, J; Toly, C; De Araujo, C; Ngom, MI; Chevillard, C; Gaye, O; Garcia, A, “Red blood                             cell polymorphisms in relation to Plasmodium falciparum asymptomatic parasite densities andmorbidity in Senegal”, Microbes                                                 Infect. 2006 Aug;8(9- 10):2352- 8.  Epub 2006 Jun 30.
  13. (English) Garnier,D; Bénéfice, E, “Habitual physical activity of Senegalese adolescent girls under different working conditions, as assessed by a                     questionnaire and movement registration.” Ann Hum Biol. 2001 Jan-Feb;28(1):79-97                                                                                                             Additional information: “The aim of this study was to measure habitual physical activity in a group of Sereer adolescent females from Senegal.”                       Abstract review of scientific paper [in] the National Center for Biotechnology Information (pubmed.gov) (last retrieved: 18 July 2013).
  14. (français) Lemardeley ,P;  Diallo, A; Gueye-N'Diaye, A; Becker, C; Mboup, S; Rey, JL. [Evaluation of the risks of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV        infection in a rural region of Senegal in 1991]. Sante. 1995 Jan-Feb;5(1):43-8.  Available online [in] John Libbey Eurotext (jle.com) 
  15. (English) Note: this link does not provide much information : “Phylogenetic tree based on complete M1 sequence". González et al. BMC Genomics 2007         8:223 doi:10.1186/1471-2164-8-223 on M1. Based on the work of Ana M. González (last retrieved: 18 July 2013).
  16. (English) Rosa, A; Brehm, A; Kivisild, T; Metspalu, E; Villems, R., “MtDNA profile of West Africa Guineans: towards a better understanding of the                  Senegambia region.” Department of Evolutionary Biology, Estonian Biocenter, Tartu University, Riia 23, 51010 Tartu, Estonia. Ann Hum Genet. 2004 Jul;68      (Pt 4):340-52. p. 5, 9 .  Review of this paper by National Institutes of Health (Pubmed.gov) can be read here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15225159
  17. (English González, Ana M; Larruga, José M; Abu-Amero, Khaled K; Shi, Yufei; Pestano, José; and Cabrera, Vicente M. “Mitochondrial lineage M1 traces an early human backflow to Africa”,  [in] BMC Genomics http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/8/223
  18. (English) Beise, Morton "Africa: coping with past and future: a study of adaptation to social change in West Africa." Journal of Operational Psychiatry 11        (1980). Abstract and Review [in] Deepdyve  (last retrieved: 18 July 2013).
  19. (English)  R. Evans (2012) ‘Inheritance, access to resources and poverty in Serer families in Senegal’, Research Note 1, Walker Institute for Climate              System Research, University of Reading, May 2012, www.walker-institute.ac.uk & www. reading.ac.uk/ges. Available online (last retrieved: 13 July                  Additional information : "This research explores the relationship between inheritance, access to resources and the intergenerational transmission of poverty      among the Serer ethnic group in rural and urban environments in Senegal." In this paper, Dr Ruth Evans also discusses aspects of the Seereer inheritance      system. 

4.3 Seereer medicine

4.3.1 Books

  1. (français) Kalis, Simone, "Médecine Traditionnelle, Religion et Divination Chez les Seereer Siin du Sénégal", La Coonaissance de la Nuit. L'Harmattan,             (1997) ISBN 2- 7384-5196-9

4.3.2 Scholarly papers

  1. (English) Reference HP 11 : Potel, Anne-Marie, "Les plantes médicinales au Sénégal." Study report of Anne-Marie Potel, accomplished at Nguekokh               (Senegal), 2002. Registered in the chapter "Grey Littérature" of the PRELUDE data bank: http://pagesperso-                                                                           orange.fr/senegal.bourbonnais/Anne%20marie.htm. Additional information: These are from the "Prelude Medicinal Plant Database" [in] Metrafo [in]  Royal Museum of Central Africa, Belgium. Available online (last  retrieved : 13 July 2013). A list of plants used by Seereers and other West African communities (including medicinal recipes). For references to Seereer, see  above.
  2. (English) Reference HV 05Van Der Steur, L. "Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Peul du Sénégal Oriental." Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 8, n° 2, 189 -      200, (1994).                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Additional information: These are from the "Prelude Medicinal Plant Database" [in] Metrafo [in] Royal Museum of Central Africa,                                              Belgium. Available online (last retrieved : 13 July 2013). A list of plants used by Seereers and other West African communities (including medicinal recipes).    For references to Seereer, see above.
  3. (français) Potel, Anne-Marie, « Les plantes médicinales au Sénégal ». Study report of Anne-Marie Potel, accomplished at Nguekokh (Senegal), 2002.             Registered in the chapter "Grey Littérature" of the PRELUDE data bank [in] Prelude Medicinal Plant Database. Available online. (last retrieved : 13 July          2013).
  4. (English) Seck, A., Sow, I., & Niass, M., Senegal, [in] The biodiversity of traditional leafy vegetables.  Available online courtesy of Wikiwix (via French           Wikipedia). (last retrieved: 18 July (2013).                                                                                                                                                                         Additional paper: This paper has both Seereer religious references and Seereer medicinal references - especially towards the end with references to                 Seereer medicinal plants.

5. Philosophy

5.1 Articles, books, reviews and/or scholarly papers

  1. (français) Faye, Amade, "La beaute Seereer : Du modele mythique au motif poetique", [in] Ethiopiques, n° 68, revue négro-aricaine de littérature et de             philosophie (1er semestre 2002). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013).                                                                                                                     Additional information: This is mainly about Seereer philosophy of beauty.
  2. (français) Gravrand, Henry : "L’HERITAGE SPIRITUEL SEREER : VALEUR TRADITIONNELLE D’HIER, D’AUJOURD’HUI ET DE DEMAIN" [in] Ethiopiques, numéro 31, révue socialiste de culture négro-africaine, 3e trimestre (1982). Available online (last retrieved: 13 July 2013). Additional information: This paper contains information about the Seereer jom principle. These values  are actually the values that every good Seereer is expected to live by. 
  3. (English) Bernasconi, Robert (editor) "Race and Racism in Continental Philosophy",  Indiana University Press (2003), pp. 290 - 299, ISBN  9780253110671. Available online (last retrieved 28th August 2017)